This how-to will cover how to get the first steps while using the thinger.io platform in the Raspberry Pi. This includes how to download, compile and execute the main example available in the GitHub Repository.
- A raspberry running with Raspbian, and a terminal or SSH access. Other OS like Ubuntu may work, but has not been tested yet.
- Register a device in the thinger.io console and keep the credentials by hand. If you need help with this part, please check this other how-to.
Installing a newer GCC Version
It is necessary to use a modern compiler to build thinger.io examples. The latest Raspbian version (Debian Wheezy) ships with GCC 4.6. But it is required at least GCC 4.8.2. Please type
gcc -v in a terminal to check if you need to update your compiler.
It is necessary to keep all your system updated, so please start by upgrading all the installed packages by typing the following commands. It may take some time depending on your Internet connection
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
/etc/apt/sources.list in a editor and replace the name
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
Then we are going to update the package list again, so we can access to newer jessie packages:
sudo apt-get update
now we can finally install install GCC 4.9
sudo apt-get install gcc-4.9 g++-4.9
Last step is to revert back from
/etc/apt/sources.list again and replace
wheezy, after that do an update of your package list:
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list sudo apt-get update
If we type
gcc -v at this moment, the default version is still 4.7. So we are going to change that to make the newer gcc 4.9 the default version. First remove all
sudo update-alternatives --remove-all gcc sudo update-alternatives --remove-all g++
And now add both gcc alternatives with more priority to GCC 4.9 version.
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.6 40 --slave /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-4.6 sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-4.9 60 --slave /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-4.9
At this stage, if you type
gcc-v it should show version 4.9.2 or greater. You can always change the default compiler with the following command.
sudo update-alternatives --config gcc
Install additional dependencies
It is necessary use CMake for compiling the examples and install thinger as daemon if you want. It is also required to install Open SSL if we want to securely connect to the platform.
Install CMake ``````
sudo apt-get install cmake
Install Open SSL Libraries
sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
Starting with the platform
Download the latest Linux Client version from GitHub.
Unzip the library.
Change the folder name.
mv Linux-Client-master thinger_client
Remove the zip file if you want.
Enter in the thinger_client folder we just decompressed.
And now it is time to enter the credentials in the main project file. So we are going to edit the
main.cpp file from
src folder. You can use any editor you want. We will use here
In this case you must edit the fields
DEVICE_CREDENTIAL with the information you provided while registering your device in the platform. Here is an example screenshot of how the
main.cpp file should look like before editing these fields.
When you are done editing the parameters, exit the nano editor pressing
Ctrl+Xand then type ‘
y’ to save the changes.
Now you must add execute permissions to the
chmod +x run.sh
And now you can run it to test that everything is working.
If everything is going fine you should see how the program is compiled and executed automatically. The program actually reports some debug text that can help us to check if we have configured the credentials well. The expected result you should see is something like the following picture.
Now you can go to your thinger.io console and check that the Raspberry appears as connected. You can even try to execute the
sumresource defined in the
main.cppthat simply performs a sum. For test the device resources, please go to the API Explorer that appears in the device dashboard.
Installing the client as daemon
At this moment, the client you have running will be stopped if you close the terminal or end the SSH connection. You can however install the client as a daemon service, so it is started automatically even if your Raspberry reboot.
To install the client you have already run as a service, please go to the Raspberry install folder:
And then run the
install.sh script, that will compile and install the client as a service. This step will copy a init script file to
/etc/init.d/thinger, and also will copy the compiled binary file to
/usr/local/bin/thinger. So if you want to remove the daemon client you can stop the service and remove those files.
chmod +x install.sh ./install.sh
Notice that this command will install and run the thinger.io client in background as a daemon, so if you call again the
run.sh script, which run the standalone client, both clients will be connecting to the platform and disconnecting each other continuously. If you need to stop the background client, please use this command.
sudo service thinger stop
and if you want to start it again use
sudo service thinger start
Now you have to integrate your desired resources in the main.cpp file, like the
sum example is already present. You can try to define a resource for turning on and off a led, read a sensor value, execute a system command, and so on. Some tutorials will be available soon for covering this basic functionality.